Vitamin

A – carrots, citrus, butter, cheese, and eggs.

D – milk, eggs, cod liver oil, fatty fish.

E – corn, sunflower, olive oil, peas.

K – green leafy vegetables, spinach, Brussels sprouts,
cabbage and cauliflower, whole grain cereals.

B1 – pork, oats, nuts (hazelnuts ).

B2 – wheat bran, soybeans, broccoli liver, egg yolk, cheese.

PP – green vegetables, nuts, whole grains cereals, yeast, meat, including chicken, liver, fish, milk, cheese.

B5 – yeast, legumes, mushrooms, rice, liver, meat by-products.

B6 – green leafy vegetables, meat, liver, fish, milk, eggs.

B9 – nuts, green leafy vegetables, beans, bananas, oranges, eggs, organ meats.

B12 – yeast, seaweed, liver, eggs, eggs, cheese, milk, cottage cheese, meat, fish.

H – egg yolk, liver.

Beta- carotene – carrots, parsley, spinach, spring greens, cantaloupe, tomatoes, asparagus, cabbage, broccoli, apricots.

 

vitamin A

Anti-infective vitamin, vitamin antikseroftalmichesky, retinol, degidroretinol

Vitamin A includes a significant number of fat-soluble compounds, the most important of which are retinol, retinal, retinoic acid and retinol esters.

Vitamin A has many functions in the body: it contributes to the growth and regeneration of tissue, provides elasticity to the skin and hair. Has an antioxidant effect, enhances immunity, increases the body’s resistance to infections. Vitamin A normalizes the activity of the sex glands, necessary for the formation of sperm and egg development. An important function of vitamin A – to prevent night blindness – gemeralopatiya ( night blindness ).

 

vitamin B1

thiamin

Vitamin B1 vitamin called antinevritnym that characterizes its main effect on the body. Thiamine can not accumulate in the body, so it is necessary that he be ingested daily.

Vitamin B1 is essential for the normal operation of each cell of an organism, particularly of nerve cells. It stimulates the brain, is essential for cardiovascular and endocrine systems, for metabolism of acetylcholine, which is a chemical transmitter of nerve excitation. Thiamine normalizes the acidity of gastric juice, gastric motility and bowel, increases the body’s resistance to infections. It improves digestion, normalizes the work of muscles and heart, promotes the growth of the body and is involved in fat, protein and water metabolism.

riboflavin

Riboflavin, lactochrome, vitamin G

Vitamin B2 relates to Flavin – yellow solid (yellow pigment). It is stable in the environment, tolerates heat, but does not tolerate sunlight, losing its vitamin properties under its influence.

Vitamin B2 ( Riboflavin ) is actively involved in the production of some hormones and red blood cells, the synthesis of ATP ( adenosine triphosphate – ” fuel of life ” ), protects the retina from excessive exposure to UV rays, provides dark adaptation improves visual acuity and perception of light and color. Riboflavin is needed for the growth and regeneration of tissue, positive effect on the nervous system, liver, skin, mucous membranes. It is essential for normal development of the fetus during pregnancy and for children to grow. Keeps the skin, hair and nails healthy.

 

Vitamin B3 ( B5)

pantothenic acid

Vitamin B5 ( pantothenic acid ) is very widely distributed in nature, and therefore named and pantothenic – Greek for ” omnipresent “.

Vitamin B5 regulates bowel function and motor functions of the nervous system involved in the formation of the transmitter of nervous excitement – acetylcholine. Additionally, this vitamin reduces adverse effects of antibiotics, supports the immune system, accelerating wound healing. This vitamin is part of enzymes that play a very important role in metabolism – break down proteins, fats and carbohydrates for energy. Vitamin B5 is involved in the formation of adrenal hormones, vitamin D, amino acids, cholesterol, and a red blood cell production.

 

vitamin B6

Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal, adermin

Vitamin B6 is found in animal products and plant, so the ordinary mixed diet the need for this vitamin almost completely satisfied.

Vitamin B6 is needed for the normal functioning of the central nervous system, helps to get rid of night muscle spasms, leg cramps, numbness of hands. Also, it is necessary for normal synthesis of nucleic acids which inhibit the aging of the organism and to maintain immunity. Just Pyridoxine is involved in the construction of enzymes that ensure the normal operation of more than 60 different enzyme systems, improves the absorption of unsaturated fatty acids.

 

vitamin B9

Folate, folic acid, folacin

Vitamin B9 was first isolated from spinach leaves, hence the name – “folium” Latin for “leaf “. Folic acid is mainly found in plants and in small amounts is synthesized by intestinal microflora.

Vitamin B9 is essential for normal blood formation and activity of the digestive system. It is involved in the regulation of cell division processes in the synthesis of amino acids, nucleic acids, nervous system neurotransmitters serotonin – and noradrenolina. This vitamin is necessary for the body to produce new cells ( skin, hair, blood, etc. ). Folic acid has a beneficial impact on fat metabolism in the liver metabolism of cholesterol, choline, and some vitamins. It improves appetite and provides a healthy looking skin.

 

vitamin B12

Antianemichesky vitamin cobalamin, cyanocobalamin

The main function of vitamin B12 – ensuring normal hematopoiesis. It is favorable effect on lipid metabolism in the liver condition of the central and peripheral nervous system, metabolism ( particularly protein ) and stimulates the growth, reduce the cholesterol content in the blood.

Cyanocobalamin body uses to generate DNA molecules, amino acid synthesis and processing of carbohydrates and fats.

 

vitamin C

Ascorbic acid, anti-scorbutic vitamin antiskorbutny

vitamin

Vitamin C was discovered in 1927 by scientists St. Gyori, separated from red pepper, and cabbage juice orange crystalline solid with a strong reducing properties. He called it hexuronic acid. And when in 1932 it was proved protivotsingovye properties, he was named ascorbic acid ( ” against scurvy “: ” scurvy ” in Latin – scurvy ).

Effect of vitamin C on the body is very versatile and very varied. It is necessary for the formation of collagen and connective tissue holds the vessels, bone tissue, skin, tendons, teeth. Vitamin C affects the exchange of many substances. With ascorbic acid body can easily cope with many toxins and poisons combine with vitamin C, toxic substances are neutralized and excreted in the urine.

 

vitamin D

Antirahitichesky vitamin ergocalciferol holekaltsefirol,

viosterol

Discovery of vitamin D is associated with a history of rickets. It has been proven that animal fats after irradiation acquire antirachitic properties and in 1936 from fat tuna was isolated pure vitamin D.

Vitamin D is essential for normal bone formation and growth. It regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Vitamin D contributes to normal heart function, blood clotting. Accelerates the excretion of lead and other heavy metals. Together with vitamins A and C prevents colds. Since vitamin D is effective in the treatment of psoriasis, conjunctivitis, epilepsy and certain forms of tuberculosis.

 

vitamin E

Tocopherol, vitamin antisterilny

Vitamin E is the main representative of a group of antioxidants. It has a rejuvenating effect, slowing down the cell aging caused by the harmful effects of free radicals on the cells of the body.

Effect of vitamin E on the body is difficult to overestimate prevents aging and increases the body’s protective power, retards the development of heart failure in the defeat of heart vessels, improves sexual and other endocrine glands, prevents the formation of blood clots, helps in violation of potency in men and threatening abortions in women, in conjunction with vitamin A protects the lungs from the effects of air pollution, accelerates the healing of burns, normalizes muscle performance.

 

vitamin H

Biotin, bios 2 BIOS II

Vitamin H is recognized as one of the most active catalysts vitamins. Sometimes it is called mikrovitaminom because for normal body it is needed in very small quantities.

Vitamin D is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, fats. With it, the body gets energy from these substances. It participates in the synthesis of glucose. Biotin is necessary for normal functioning of the stomach and intestine, affects the immune system and the nervous system, promotes healthy hair and nails.

 

vitamin K

Menadione, vitamin coagulation vitamin Antihemorrhagic

Vitamin K comprises a group of fat-soluble substances – naphthoquinone derivatives with a hydrophobic side chain. Two main representative of the group – is vitamin K1 ( phylloquinone ) and K2 ( menaquinone, produced healthy intestinal microflora ). The main function of vitamin K in the body – to ensure normal blood clotting, bone formation ( osteocalcin ), maintain the function of blood vessels, the regular work of the kidneys.

Vitamin K affects the formation of blood clots and increases the stability of the vessel walls, is involved in energy processes, the formation of the main sources of energy in the body – adenosine triphosphate and creatine phosphate, normalizes motor function of the gastrointestinal tract and muscle activity, strengthens bones.

 

vitamin P

C- Complex / with complex, hesperidin, citrine

The main function of vitamin E – strengthening capillaries and reducing the permeability of the vascular wall. It prevents and cures bleeding gums, prevents bleeding, has an antioxidant effect.

Bioflavonoids stimulate tissue respiration and activity of some endocrine glands, particularly the adrenal glands, improve thyroid, increase resistance to infections and lower blood pressure.

 

vitamin PP

Niacin, niacinamide, nicotinamide, nicotinic acid

The main representatives of vitamin E are nicotinic acid and nicotinamide. In animal products in the form of niacin contain nicotinamide and plant – in the form of nicotinic acid.

Vitamin PP energy required for separation of carbohydrates and fat to protein metabolism. Part of the enzymes that provide cellular respiration. Niacin normalizes the stomach and pancreas. Nicotinic acid has a positive effect on the nervous and cardiovascular systems, supports healthy skin, intestinal mucosa and oral cavity, is involved in the normal view, improves blood circulation and reduces high blood pressure.

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